Understanding the Duty of Care for Pool Owners in California

by Staff Blogger | June 26th, 2023

Swimming pools are a popular feature in many California homes and commercial establishments, offering a refreshing and enjoyable way to escape the heat. However, owning a pool comes with responsibilities, particularly in ensuring the safety of those who use it.

When pool owners fail to inspect, identify, and fix potential hazards or warn of them, they can be held responsible for damages in a premises liability claim. Understanding your responsibilities as a pool owner can keep your guests safe and avoid costly financial and legal repercussions.

Premises Liability for Pool Owners

In California, pool owners are subject to premises liability laws. These laws hold property owners responsible for ensuring the safety of anyone who enters their property. For pool owners, this means taking reasonable precautions to prevent accidents and injuries in and around the pool area, including the following:

  • Installing and Maintaining Safety Barriers

One of the primary ways pool owners can fulfill their duty of care is by installing and maintaining safety barriers around the pool. This includes fencing at least 60” high, with self-closing and self-latching gates for residential pools. These barriers should be designed to prevent small children from accessing the pool unsupervised, reducing the risk of drowning accidents.

  • Removing Hazards From the Pool and Surrounding Area

Pool owners should also remove any hazards in the pool area that could cause injuries. This includes ensuring the pool deck is free of slippery surfaces or objects that could cause someone to trip and fall. Owners should also have properly installed and maintained electrical equipment, such as pool lights or pumps, to prevent electrocution hazards.

  • Providing Appropriate Safety Equipment

Pool owners should provide appropriate safety equipment for visitors to use while swimming. This can include life preservers such as vests, flotation devices, and rescue equipment like poles and hooks. For public pools, this can also include providing adequately trained staff to administer first aid, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and swimmer supervision.

Consequences of Not Maintaining Pool Safety for Visitors

Failing to maintain a safe pool environment can have serious consequences for pool owners. These include civil liability for injury or death to pool visitors, potential fines, and criminal charges.

  • Liability for Injuries

If a guest is injured due to the pool owner’s negligence, the owner may be held legally responsible for any damages. This can include medical bills, lost wages, and pain and suffering. For example, if a pool guest suffers a slip and fall injury due to an uneven surface, they can file a compensation claim against the owner. Pool owners may also be liable for wrongful death claims if a visitor drowns or suffers a fatal injury due to unsafe pool conditions.

  • Potential Fines and Criminal Charges

In addition to civil liability, pool owners who do not maintain a safe environment may face fines or criminal charges under gross or criminal negligence. This can occur if the pool owner knowingly violates safety regulations or their negligence leads to serious injury or death.

Tips for Maintaining a Safe Environment for Pool Visitors

To minimize the risk of accidents and legal liability, pool owners can take the following steps:

  • Implementing Safety Policies and Procedures

Establishing clear safety policies and procedures for pool use can help prevent accidents and create a safer environment for all visitors. Owners should develop rules and guidelines regarding pool access, children’s supervision, and safety equipment use.

  • Conducting Regular Safety Inspections

Conduct regular inspections of the pool area to identify and address potential hazards. Check the integrity of safety barriers, ensure proper electrical equipment functioning, and assess the pool deck’s condition.

  • Providing Proper Training to Pool Staff

If the pool is part of a commercial establishment, all staff members must receive proper training in pool safety and emergency response. This can help prevent accidents and ensure staff are prepared to handle emergency medical situations.

Get Legal Help if You Were Injured in a Pool Accident

If you or someone you know has been injured in a pool-related accident, speak with an attorney from Berg Injury Lawyers to help you understand your options for compensation. Our California pool accident lawyers can investigate the incident to determine if a pool owner failed to maintain their duty of care, resulting in your injuries. We can hold an irresponsible pool owner liable for your damages and get a fair settlement to help you recover. Contact our team today for a free consultation.